Liver Specialist Bathhurst - The liver is an organ of the body which is required to be able to carry out many functions within the body, comprising detoxification, protein synthesis, and the production of biochemicals that are important for digestion. The liver is necessary for the body to survive. Liver dialysis may be used temporarily but there is no way to function for long term without a liver.
The liver plays a major part in plasma protein synthesis, glycogen storage, red blood cells decomposition, hormone production and detoxification. It is located within the abdominal-pelvic area of the stomach, below the diaphragm. The liver is responsible for producing bile. This is an alkaline compound which emulsifies lipids to aid in digestion. The tissues which make the liver are highly specialized. They regulate a large amount of high volume biochemical reactions, like for example the synthesis and breakdown of complex and small molecules.
The liver is an incredible organ in the way that it is the only internal human organ which is capable of generating naturally. It just takes as little as 25 percent of a liver to regenerate into a whole liver. This is considered to be compensatory growth rather than true regeneration. Therefore, the liver's lobes that are taken out do not re-grow, and the liver growth is a restoration of function and not original form. In true regeneration, both the original form and function are restored.
Diseases of the Liver
As the liver supports practically every organ in the body and is very important to its survival, the liver is prone to various illnesses, particularly because of its strategic location and multidimensional functions. Some of the most common liver sicknesses comprise: cirrhosis, alcohol damage, hepatitis A, B, C, and E, fatty liver, cancer and tumors and damage caused by heavy use of medications, especially cancer drugs and acetaminophen, also known as paracetamol.
Lots of diseases of the liver are accompanied by jaundice because the increased bilirubin levels in the body will normally result from the breaking up of the haemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Typically, the liver gets rid of bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile. Diseases that affect liver function will cause derangement of these processes. Fortunately, the liver has a huge reserve capacity and also a large capability to regenerate. Usually, the liver only exhibits signs after extensive damage has occurred.
The classic signs of liver damage comprises: dark urine when bilirubin mixes with the urine, and pale stool when there is an absence of brown pigment stercobilin. The pigment likewise comes from bilirubin metabolites which are processes in the liver. Jaundice is the yellow tinge on the whites of the eyes or the skin which happens where bilirubin deposits on the skin. This leads to an intense itching sensation that is the most common patient complaint with those suffering liver failure.
Excessive fatigue happens as a result of a generalized loss of minerals, nutrients and vitamins. Swelling in the ankles, feet and abdomen takes place because the liver fails to make albumin. Easy bleeding and bruising are other indications. Substances that help to prevent bleeding are produced in the liver, therefore, when liver damage is present, these substances are no longer available and severe bleeding can result.
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